In an independent investigation conducted by former FBI director Louis Freeh, the report made it clear that Penn State University mishandled Jerry Sandusky's sex abuse allegations.
"There are more red flags here than you can count," said Freeh, who added that the abuse occurred just "steps away" from where Paterno worked in the university's Lasch Building.
"Our most saddening and sobering finding is the total disregard for the safety and welfare of Sandusky's child victims by the most senior leaders at Penn State," Freeh wrote. "The most powerful men at Penn State failed to take any steps for 14 years to protect the children who Sandusky victimized."
On Wednesday, a letter released to the press, written by former Penn State football coach Joe Paterno, defended the reputation of Penn State and its football program.
"This is not a football scandal and should not be treated as one," Paterno wrote, "It is not an academic scandal and does not in any way tarnish the hard earned and well-deserved academic reputation of Penn State."
In interview before the release of the Freeh report, Jay Paterno, son of former Penn State football coach Joe Paterno said his family was looking forward to the truth to come out in the investigation.
Tonight on Erin Burnett OutFront at 7p ET, CNN's Erin Burnett discusses with Jay Paterno the Freeh report and his father's letter before his death.
Paterno defended football, Penn State in letter before his death
Former Penn State football coach Joe Paterno wrote a letter before his death saying the sex abuse scandal involving his assistant coach was "not a football scandal."
His family authenticated the letter, written late last year, after it emerged Wednesday.
"This is not a football scandal and should not be treated as one," wrote Paterno, who died in January. "It is not an academic scandal and does not in any way tarnish the hard-earned and well-deserved academic reputation of Penn State."